What Is the Interbank Call Money Market?


Triston Martin

Oct 06, 2023

The interbank call-money market is a temporary money market that permits big financial establishments, like mutual funds, banks, and companies, to lend and borrow money, which are the interest rates banks pay when they take money from one another. The loans offered by the call market are extremely brief, generally lasting no more than a week. They are usually used to assist banks with meeting reserve requirements.


The interbank call money market refers to a phrase to define an exchange of money for institutions. It's not only employed by banks. Interbank cash market clients could comprise other financial institutions such as large corporations, mutual funds, and insurance firms. Companies that transact in the interbank call market require short-term loans. They typically last for at least one week. Banks typically utilize the interbank call market to satisfy reserve requirements. Other organizations make short-term loans from the interbank money market to meet different liquidity requirements. Interbank calls in the market are generally executed in accordance with the London Interbank Offer Rate (LIBOR). The loans are traded globally. The interbank money market is a global one that conducts transactions in multiple currencies.

Different types of interbank markets are available across the globe. The interbank money market is a source of liquidity for more participants. The interbank call money market may also focus exclusively on banks. The interbank call money market typically involves short-term trading loans across different currencies and with various international participants. The interbank call money market provides short-term money for banks and participants in the financial markets. Financial institutions rely on these loan sources and depend on them for managing their liquidity and capital needs. Insufficient market lending in these varieties was a major factor in the 2008 financial crisis.

What Is Call Money?

The call money market and the markets, in general, are defined by short-term loans. Call money loans generally span from one to 14 days. They may include institutions like in the interbank call market. Other kinds of call markets also exist. Brokers may utilize call money markets to fund the margins of their accounts. Call money rates tend to be significant in the margin rates for borrowing in brokerage accounts as call money is an investment source to pay for margin lending. Call money loans usually don't have fixed time frames for repayment because they are extremely short-term, maturing in just two weeks. Therefore, they are utilized for extremely short-term requirements and are repaid rapidly.

Importance of Call Money

Broking companies use call money to maintain and fund margin accounts in the hope of assisting their clients who want to invest leverage. Call money funds can be moved quickly between broking companies and lenders. Therefore, the calls money fund is among the assets with the highest liquidity included in the balance sheet of brokerage firms.

If the bank that borrowed the money cannot call the funds, then the brokerage firm can make a margin call. When this happens, the result will be the sale of the securities owned by the client on his account in a timely manner. This will allow the payment of the funds to the bank through the brokerage firm. The margin rates for brokerage firms differ between brokerage and banks. Call money is among the main elements of the money market. It comes with a variety of unique features. It is a way to raise funds in an extremely short time. Additionally, it assists in managing the balance sheet effectively.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Call Money

Call money is an essential part of the money market. It is distinguished by its unique characteristics, such as being a very short-term fund management instrument that is a reversible transaction and a way to control the balance sheet's balance. The use of call money gives banks the chance to earn interest on excess funds. On the other hand, brokers are aware they're taking on more risk by using funds that could be used at any moment, and therefore they generally make use of call money for quick transactions that can be completed swiftly. The transaction costs are low as it's executed bank-to-bank without the assistance of an intermediary. This helps smooth out the fluctuations and aids in maintaining a stable level of reserves and liquidity as required by bank regulations. It also permits banks to maintain a greater reserve-to-deposit ratio than is normally feasible, which results in greater effectiveness and profit.

Call Money vs. Short Notice Money

Short notice and call money are alike since both are loans for a short duration from financial institutions. Call money is due immediately upon being contacted by the loaner. Short notice money can be repaid up to 14 days after the lending institution's notice. The short notice money is considered to be a liquid asset. It is also referred to as trailing cash and call money in the balance sheet.

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